Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Thrive Psychology Clinic > Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder > Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

June 9, 2020 / By thadmin2

What I need to know to help my child with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

  1. What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)? 
  2. What types of therapies do Thrive Psychology Clinic provide for children and youths with ADHD?
  3. Education in Singapore for children with ADHD.
  4. Parenting a child with ADHD.
    • Support and resources for parents.

 

What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder? 

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a disorder characterised by persistent patterns of inattention and/or hyperactivity that interfere with an individual’s functioning and development. These can include symptoms such as: 

  • Failing to sustain attention during tasks or play activities
  • Dislikes organising tasks or activities that require mental effort 
  • Has difficulty listening to when spoken to directly and struggles to follow instructions  
  • Easily distracted by external stimuli or is very forgetful 
  • Fidgeting in seats and moving around when sitting down is expected
  • Has difficulty waiting for their turn 
  • Unable to engage in tasks or leisure activities quietly 
  • Talks excessively and might interrupt or intrude upon another’s conversation 

 

Children with ADHD exhibit these symptoms, not because they wish to defy a parent’s or teacher’s instructions, but because they suffer from cognitive impairments that reduce their ability to restraint and control their behaviours.

 

As a neurodevelopmental disorder, ADHD is usually first diagnosed in primary school where inattention during lesson times becomes more prominent and impairing. As the disorder is relatively stable throughout the years, adults who have ADHD might show more symptoms of inattention than hyperactivity. 

 

Contact us for an appointment to receive a psychological assessment for your child.

 

What types of therapies do Thrive Psychology Clinic provide for children and youths with ADHD?

At Thrive Psychology Clinic, we recognise the uniqueness of each individual. Hence, we are always broadening our therapeutic services to ensure that all our clients’ have their mental well-being cared for in an individualised manner.

Here are some of the therapies that may help a child with ADHD:

  • Behavioural Therapy
  • Psychotherapy
  • Neurocognitive Therapy (can be used to complement Behavioural Therapy)
  • Hypnotherapy
  • Art Therapy
  • Music Therapy
  • Animal-assisted Therapy

 

Especially for ADHD, neurocognitive therapy has been consistently proven as an effective means to help improve attention span and reduce impulsiveness in children. Neurocognitive therapy is typically added to behaviour therapy to improve the brain’s ability to sustain concentration for prolonged periods of time. Through playing interactive games and monitoring brain activities through a Neeuro SenzeBand, children with ADHD can learn better self-regulation skills in a fun and engaging manner. 

 

An inability to control their attention and behaviours is characteristic of ADHD. As typical classroom learning requires a child to sit at a desk for continued hours while listening quietly to a teacher, children with ADHD, even those with mild ADHD, might struggle with mainstream education. Besides receiving poor grades, teachers might also view the child as disruptive and disrespectful during lesson timings. 

 

The use of neurocognitive therapy, together with behaviour therapy, can increase the self-control and attention span of children with ADHD, therefore, significantly enhancing their ability to cope with school, social interactions and their daily activities. 

 

Education in Singapore for children with ADHD 

In Singapore, there are several Special Education (SPED) schools that have been established to support children and youths with special needs. Refer to this informational guide by our Ministry of Education (scroll to page 82 for a list of SPED schools that may be applicable for your child with special needs). 

Learn how to identify a school that would best support your child with Special Educational Needs (SEN).

Prepare criteria for entry to SPED schools which typically include:

  • A diagnosis
  • Intelligence Quotient (IQ) assessment
  • Adaptive behaviour assessment [may also include school (on-site) observations]
  • Psychologist’s report

 

Contact us to enquire about our assessments available.

 

Parenting a child with ADHD

Parenting in itself is not an easy feat. At Thrive Psychology Clinic, we recognise the need to support parents and caregivers through:

    • Educating caregivers of children and youths with special needs e.g., workshops and webinars at Thrive Psychology Clinic
    • Providing advice on how to manage their stress
    • Developing their skill in identifying the ABC’s (i.e., antecedent, behaviour, and consequence) such as P.O.W.E.R. in Behavioural Therapy (preview video displayed below)
    • Encouraging caregivers to accept their child with special needs and not feel despair
    • Creating self-help online resources for parents who wish to educate themselves more
    • Regularly providing complimentary educational resources by subscribing to our mailing list and social media platforms